Pest Species

Anopheles stephensi
Human malaria mosquito


Djibouti Region

Control Measure


  • 2012 Anopheles stephensi, a non-native urban malaria vector found primarily in India, was found in Djibouti.
  • 2023 Anopheles stephensi has continued to invade Africa and has been confirmed or suspected in 11 countries
  • 2022 Oxitec (a company with GM mosquito control technology), Association Mutualis, and the Djibouti National Malaria Control Programme (PNLP) announced the launch of a partnership, formed in response to a request from the Government of Djibouti, to explore how Oxitec’s Friendly™ solutions can deliver impact in communities threatened by vector-borne diseases.
  • Oxitec’s Friendly™ Anopheles stephensi, currently in development,

Learn More

Why RIDL is not SIT

W. C. Black, L. Alphey and A. A. James,  Trends in Parasitology,  27:362-370. 2011.
History teaches that sterile insect technique (SIT) is a feasible strategy for mosquito population suppression. Female killing (FK) technologies developed later theoretically had greater potential than SIT, but depended upon chromosomal translocations. Unfortunately these were ...

URL to Oxitec Djibouti Project