Keywords: homing endonuclease genes

Selfish genetic elements

Agren, JAC, A. G.,  PLOS Genetics,  14:20. 2018.
Selfish genetic elements (historically also referred to as selfish genes, ultra-selfish genes, selfish DNA, parasitic DNA, genomic outlaws) are genetic segments that can enhance their own transmission at the expense of other genes in the genome, even if this has no or a negative ...
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Impact of mosquito gene drive on malaria elimination in a computational model with explicit spatial and temporal dynamics

Eckhoff, PAW, E. A.; Godfray, H. C. J.; Burt, A.,  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America,  114:e255-e264. 2017.
The renewed effort to eliminate malaria and permanently remove its tremendous burden highlights questions of what combination of tools would be sufficient in various settings and what new tools need to be developed. Gene drive mosquitoes constitute a promising set of tools, with ...
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Gene drives do not always increase in frequency: from genetic models to risk assessment

de Jong, TJ,  Journal Fur Verbraucherschutz Und Lebensmittelsicherheit-Journal of Consumer Protection and Food Safety,  12:299-307. 2017.
Homing genes encode endonucleases that make a double stranded break in the DNA, destroying a target site on the homologous chromosome. When the cell repairs the break the homing allele is copied, converting a heterozygote into a homozygote. This results in gene drive (GD), an ...
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Cheating evolution: engineering gene drives to manipulate the fate of wild populations

Champer, JB, A.; Akbari, O. S.,  Nature Reviews Genetics,  17:146-159. 2016.
Engineered gene drives - the process of stimulating the biased inheritance of specific genes - have the potential to enable the spread of desirable genes throughout wild populations or to suppress harmful species, and may be particularly useful for the control of vector-borne ...
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A synthetic sex ratio distortion system for the control of the human malaria mosquito

Galizi, RD, L. A.; Menichelli, M.; Bernardini, F.; Deredec, A.; Burt, A.; Stoddard, B. L.; Windbichler, N.; Crisanti, A.,  Nature Communications,  5:3977. 2014.
It has been theorized that inducing extreme reproductive sex ratios could be a method to suppress or eliminate pest populations. Limited knowledge about the genetic makeup and mode of action of naturally occurring sex distorters and the prevalence of co-evolving suppressors has ...
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The population genetics of using homing endonuclease genes in vector and pest management

Deredec, AB, A.; Godfray, H. C. J.,  Genetics,  179:2013-2026. 2008.
Homing endonuclease genes (HEGs) encode proteins that in the heterozygous state cause double- strand breaks in the homologous chromosome at the precise position opposite the HFG. If the double-strand break is repaired using the homologous chromosome, the HEG becomes homozygous, ...
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