Keywords: social and economic effects
Three species of Vespula have become invasive in Australia, Hawai'i, New Zealand, and North and South America and continue to spread. Economically, their main negative effect is associated with pollination and the apicultural industry. Climate change is likely to exacerbate ...
Keywords: biological control, common wasps, f hymenoptera, foraging behavior, gene drive synthetic, genetic biocontrol, germanica, Hymenoptera, insect pest control, invasive species, new-zealand, north-america, population dynamics, social and economic effects, sphecophaga-vesparum-, trojan female, vesparum, vulgaris hymenoptera vespidae, yellowjackets hymenoptera