South Africa


CBD January 1996

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety – November 2003

Nagoya Protocol on benefit sharing – October 2014

Nagoya – Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress – Non-Party


Legal Status                        

Genetically Modified Organisms Act, 1997

Genetically Modified Organisms Ammendment Act, 2006

National Environmental Management Act, 1998

Competent Authority        

National Department of Agriculture, Land Reform, and Rural Development

National Focal Point

Department of Environmental Affairs

Biosafety Regulations/Guidelines

Genetically Modified Organisms Act,1997 Regulations

Participating Institutions/Agencies

Department of Health

Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 

Regulatory Review and Approval Process

Confined Field Trial Approvals

  • Drought-tolerant wheat
  • Starch enhancement cassava
  • Drought tolerance, herbicide tolerance, and insect resistance multi-stacked events
  • Diseases resistance maize
  • Pest resistance in sweet potato
  • Nutrient enhanced sorghum
  • Alternative sugar sugarcane

Environmental Approvals

  • Insect and herbicide-resistant maize
  • Insect and herbicide-resistant cotton
  • Herbicide-resistant soybean