A natural, conditional gene drive in plants

Conner, AJJ, J.M.E.,  bioRxiv,  519884:1-10. 2019.

A new class of gene drive in plant populations with herbicide resistance is described; a conditional gene drive that operates following herbicide application. Screening progeny from controlled crosses of Brassica napus heterozygous for a dominant allele conferring chlorsulfuron resistance, demonstrated that the herbicide imposes in planta gametic selection against pollen and ovules with the recessive allele for herbicide susceptibility, as well as embryonic selection against embryos homozygous for the susceptible allele. We postulate that natural gene drives are common in plant populations and can operate in a conditional manner resulting in non-Mendelian inheritance in response to abiotic and biotic stresses.