Analysis of irradiated Drosophila populations for meiotic drive

Novitski, EH, G. D.,  Nature,  190:989-990. 1961.

The existence of chromosomes or alleles that are represented in the gametes of a heterozygote with a frequency greater than the expected 50 percent is now well established for a variety of species. The immediate population result of introducing such a chromosome or allele must be a sharp increase in its frequency, alon with any other genes associated by linkage, independent of or, indeed, in spite of, their phenotypic effects. For this reason such phenomena have been referred to as cases of ‘drive’ and, more specifically, as ‘meiotic drive’ when the basis is found in some aberration of meiosis. Such instances would seem to provide an unparalleled opportunity for the study of population dynamics, for example, the efficacy of response of natural selection to unfavourable genes. It seemed worth while, therefore, to determine whether such chromosomes or alleles characterized by drive might be induced in the laboratory.