B chromosomes in Sternorrhyncha (Hemiptera, Insecta)

Maryanska-Nadachowska, A,  Cytogenetic and Genome Research,  106:210-214. 2004.

In the hemipteroid insects of the suborder Sternorrhyncha, B chromosomes are relatively common in comparison with other suborders of Hemiptera. However, the occurrence of supernumerary chromosomes is restricted, in most cases, to several genera or closely related species. At least in some species of Psylloidea with the XY sex determination system, a mitotically stable B chromosome integrated into an achiasmatic segregation system with the X, and became fixed as a Y chromosome. In some Aphidoidea with a multiple X system of sex determination, B chromosomes appear to be in fact non-functional X chromosomes. Supernumerary chromosomes thus probably play an important role in the evolution of sex determination systems in Sternorrhyncha. Copyright (C) 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel.