Evidence for B chromosome drive suppression in the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans

Herrera, JAL, M. D.; Cabrero, J.; Shaw, M. W.; Camacho, J. P. M.,  Heredity,  76:633-639. 1996.

The grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans is polymorphic for both a B chromosome and a heterochromatic segment of chromatin on the smallest autosome. Females transmit these to their offspring more frequently after copulating with a male from a population without Bs than after copulating with a male from their own population. Paternity analyses using the heterochromatic segment as a marker showed that the effect of male on female transmission does not depend on fertilization because it occurs even when all the eggs are fertilized by sperm from another mating. The possible mechanisms include behavioural differences in mating and transfer of substances affecting female meiosis in male ejaculate. The data support the idea that the B chromosome is initially subject to meiotic drive in populations in which it has not previously existed, and that genes which suppress this drive are then selected.