Male biased sex ratio in the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata, an example of Y-chromosome meiotic drive

Shahjahan, RMR, P. A.; Cook, L. M.; Wood, R. J.,  Heredity,  96:464-470. 2006.

A case of Y-chromosome meiotic drive is reported in the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata. It arose in an irradiated male and results in excess of males. Male excess is inherited strictly from father to son. A Y-linked factor MP (male producer) is proposed. Higher drive can be selected, but distortion declines rapidly in the absence of selection. Hybrid males from crosses between driving males and nondriving females also show drive but to a reduced extent, suggesting the action of suppressors. Sex ratio distortion is independent of postzygotic mortality, and is not associated with an obvious chromosome arrangement. Spermiogenesis in driving males is characterised by abnormalities in sperm tails and reduced numbers in some sperm cysts, whereas neighbouring cysts of the same MP testis are essentially wild type. The average number of missing sperms plus deformed sperms approximates to the average depression in female recovery among the progenies of siblings, suggesting that most of the missing or abnormal sperms would have given rise to females, that is, they would have been X-bearing. To explain the heterogeneity between neighbouring cysts, a theory is proposed that links it to variation in X-chromosome sensitivity to MP, arising by random suppression of the genetic basis of sensitivity during the six mitotic divisions in the origin of the cyst from its stem cell before meiosis.