The maize abnormal chromosome 10 meiotic drive haplotype: a review

R. K. Dawe,  Chromosome Research,  2022.

The maize abnormal chromosome 10 (Ab10) haplotype encodes a meiotic drive system that converts heterochromatic knobs into centromere-like bodies that are preferentially segregated through female meiosis. Ab10 was first described in the 1940s and has been intensively studied. Here I provide a comprehensive review of the literature, starting from the discovery of knobs and Ab10, preceding through the classic literature, and finishing with molecular structure and mechanisms. The defining features of the Ab10 haplotype are its two specialized kinesins, Kinesin driver and TR-1 kinesin, that activate neocentromeres at knobs containing different classes of the tandem repeat. In most Ab10 haplotypes, the two kinesin/knob systems cooperate to promote maximum meiotic drive. However, recent interpretations suggest that each kinesin/knob system can function as an independent meiotic driver and that in some cases they compete with each other. Ab10 is present at low frequencies throughout the genus Zea and has significantly expanded genome size by promoting the formation of knobs throughout the genome.

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