The mouse t-complex-encoded protein Tctex-1 is a light chain of brain cytoplasmic dynein

King, SMD, J. F.; Benashski, S. E.; Lye, R. J.; PatelKing, R. S.; Pfister, K. K.,  Journal of Biological Chemistry,  271:32281-32287. 1996.

Mammalian brain cytoplasmic dynein contains three light chains of M(r) = 8,000, 14,000, add 22,000 (King, S. M., Barbarese, E., Dillman, J. F., III, Patel-King, R. S., Carson, J. H., and Pfister, K. Kr (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 19358-19366). Peptide sequence data (16/16 residues correct) implicate the M(r) = 14,000 polypeptide as Tctex-1, a protein encoded within the mouse t-complex. Tctex-1 cosediments with microtubules and is eluted with ATP or salt but not with GTP as expected for a dynein subunit, The ATP-eluted protein precisely cosediments with known cytoplasmic dynein proteins in sucrose density gradients, Tctex-1 also is immunoprecipitated from brain and other tissue homogenates by a monoclonal antibody raised against the 74-kDa cytoplasmic dynein intermediate chain, Quantitative densitometry indicates that Tctex-1 is a stoichiometric component of the dynein complex, As Tctex-1 is a candidate for involvement in the transmission ratio distortion (meiotic drive) of mouse t-haplotypes, these results suggest that cytoplasmic dynein dysfunction may play an important role in non-mendelian chromosome segregation.