Four loci on abnormal chromosome 10 contribute to meiotic drive in maize

Hiatt, END, R. K.,  Genetics,  164:699-709. 2003.

We provide a genetic analysis of the meiotic drive system on maize abnormal chromosome 10 (Ab10) that causes preferential segregation of specific chromosomal regions to the reproductive megaspore. The data indicate that at least four chromosomal regions contribute to meiotic drive, each providing distinct functions that can be differentiated from each other genetically and/or phenotypically. Previous reports established that meiotic drive requires neocentromere activity at specific tandem repeat arrays (knobs) and that two regions on Ab10 are involved in trans-activating neocentromeres. Here we confirm and extend data suggesting that only one of the neocentromere-activating regions is sufficient to move many knobs. We also confirm the localization of a locus/loci on Ab10, thought to be a prerequisite for meiotic drive, which promotes recombination in structural heterozygotes. In addition, we identified two new and independent functions required for meiotic drive. One was identified through the characterization of a deletion derivative of Ab10 [Df(L)] and another as a newly identified meiotic drive mutation (suppressor Of meiotic drive 3). In the absence of either function, meiotic drive is abolished but neocentromere activity and the recombination effect typical of Ab10 are unaffected. These results demonstrate that neocentromere activity and increased recombination are not the only events required for meiotic drive.