Improvement of Resistance in Plants Against Insect-Pests Using Genome Editing Tools

S. Bhat and S. Kumar,  Genome Editing: Current Technology Advances and Applications for Crop Improvement,  2022.

During growth period plants are subjected to both biotic and abiotic stresses. Like other biotic stresses, insect-pests are the most serious challenge for the plants particularly in yield losses. Genome editing techniques are becoming an emerging technology bringing real revolution in genetic engineering and biotechnology. Editing of targeted gene provides ways to elucidate extensive ranges of aims for the improvement, protection, and increased yield of various crops. Researchers all over the world have unraveled the usage of numerous gene editing methods from endonuclease to CRISPR/Cas in various aspects of plants like plant growth and development, insect-pest control, and other biotic stresses. The key goal of this chapter is to highlight various techniques of genome editing approaches which can be used to develop resistance in plants against insect-pests. New crop-based methods that reiterate the effective utilization of these techniques in insect-pest management as well as plant in resistance against pests are highlighted. This chapter also highlights the implication of genome editing as well as framework for its specific regulation.

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