Meiotic drive of noncentromeric loci in mammalian meiosis II eggs

D. M. Silva and T. Akera,  Curr Opin Genet Dev,  81:102082. 2023.

The germline produces haploid gametes through a specialized cell division called meiosis. In general, homologous chromosomes from each parent segregate randomly to the daughter cells during meiosis, providing parental alleles with an equal chance of transmission. Meiotic drivers are selfish elements who cheat this process to increase their transmission rate. In female meiosis, selfish centromeres and noncentromeric drivers cheat by preferentially segregating to the egg cell. Selfish centromeres cheat in meiosis I (MI), while noncentromeric drivers can cheat in both meiosis I and meiosis II (MII). Here, we highlight recent advances on our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying these genetic cheating strategies, especially focusing on mammalian systems, and discuss new models of how noncentromeric selfish drivers can cheat in MII eggs.

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