AREA-WIDE INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT: Development and Field Application

Hendrichs, J. Pereira, R., Vreysen, M. J. B.,  AREA-WIDE INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT: Development and Field Application,  2021.

The concept of area-wide integrated pest management (AW-IPM), in which the total population of a pest in an area is targeted, is central to the effective control of such populations through the integration of genetic, biological and other pest suppression technologies. Insect movement, occurring sometimes over long distances, is generally underestimated. As a consequence, most conventional pest management is implemented as a localized or field-by-field, un-coordinated action against segments of a pest population, not taking in consideration insect movement, resulting very often in an unsustainable spiral of insecticide application and eventual resistance of the pest against the used insecticides. On the other hand, an AW-IPM approach adopts a preventive rather than a reactive strategy, whereby all individuals of the pest population are targeted in time and space and selecting a time when the pest populations are more vulnerable (e.g. during certain times of the year when the population densities are naturally low), requiring in the longer term fewer inputs and resulting in more cost-effective and sustainable pest management. It involves a coordinated effort over often larger areas, including not only agricultural, but also natural and other areas with pest presence. By addressing these sources of reinfestation in the surroundings of the agricultural areas, satisfactory pest control is achieved in the whole area and fewer control actions are required. This new textbook on AW-IPM assembles a series of selected papers that attempts to address various fundamental components of AW-IPM, e.g. the importance of relevant problem-solving research, the need for essential baseline data, the significance of integrating adequate tools for appropriate control strategies, and the value of pilot trials, etc. Of special interest are the numerous papers on pilot and operational programmes that pay special attention to practical problems encountered during the implementation of insect pest control programmes. A significant number of contributions to this book resulted from oral and poster presentations at the Third FAO/IAEA International Conference on “Area-wide Management of Insect Pests: Integrating the Sterile Insect and Related Nuclear and Other Techniques”, which was successfully held from 22-26 May 2017 at the Vienna International Centre, Vienna, Austria. The conference was attended by 360 delegates from 81 countries and six international organization. However, the book contributions were selected beyond the work presented at the conference and a number of experts dealing mainly with action programmes were invited to present their work in this publication

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