Harnessing Wolbachia cytoplasmic incompatibility alleles for confined gene drive: a modeling study

J. Li and J. Champer,  bioRxiv,  2022.08.09.503337. 2022.

Wolbachia is a maternally-inherited bacteria, which can spread rapidly in populations by manipulating reproduction. CifA and CifB are genes found in Wolbachia phage that are responsible for cytoplasmic incompatibility, the most common type of Wolbachia reproductive interference. In this phenomenon, no viable offspring are produced when a male with both CifA and CifB (or just CifB in an alternative mechanism) mates with a female lacking CifA. Utilizing this feature, we propose new types of toxin-antidote gene drives that can be constructed with these genes. By using both mathematical and simulation models, we found that a drive containing CifA and CifB together create a confined drive with a moderate to high introduction threshold. When introduced separately, they act as a self-limiting drive. We observed that the performance of these drives is substantially influenced by various ecological parameters and drive characteristics. Extending our models to continuous space, we found that the drive individual release distribution has a critical impact on drive persistence. Our results suggest that these new types of drives based on Wolbachia transgenes are safe and flexible candidates for genetic modification of populations.Competing Interest StatementThe authors have declared no competing interest.

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