Guidance framework for testing of genetically modified mosquitoes, second edition

WHO,  WHO-TDR,  2021.


For more than 2 decades, scientists have been working to harness the promise of molecular biology to develop genetically modified mosquitoes (GMMs) for use as public health tools to prevent the transmission of vector-borne diseases. Responding to a need for additional standards and guidance, the WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (WHO-TDR) and the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) published in 2014 the first WHO Guidance framework for testing genetically modified mosquitoes.

This revised version takes into account the technical progress made and lessons learned in this rapidly advancing field of research. Like the original guidance framework, it is intended to provide standards that foster quality and consistency in the processes for developing, testing and regulating these new genetic technologies. Best practices recommended in the 2021 guidance framework will further contribute to the comparability of results and credibility of conclusions in order to facilitate decision-making by countries interested in the potential use of GMMs as public health tools for the control of vector-borne diseases.

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